Co-infection with Lyme Disease

Ticks carry dozens of infectious diseases, and will frequently pass more than one germ through the bite.  

It is becoming increasingly clear to Lyme-literate doctors that the symptoms and diagnosis of Lyme Disease is being impacted synergistically by co-infections, which can greatly complicate treatment protocols and adversly impact the ultimate recovery of those suffering from chronic infections.

An excellent presentation from Columbia University on Lyme disease and many of the co-infections can be found at:

In addition to Babesia, Bartonella, Ehrlichia  CPN, ticks can spread the following diseases together with, or seperately from Lyme:

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

Rocky Mountain spotted fever is the most severe and most frequently reported ricketts-type illness in the United States. The parasite invades the cells lining the heart and blood vessels, and without prompt and appropriate treatment, this illness can be fatal.  The symptoms include: high fever, severe headache (especially behind the eyes), photophobia, and a tell-tale rash that starts at the extremities and spreads to the trunk.

For more information:

Colorado Tick Fever

Colorado Tick fever is an acute viral infection that lodges inside the cells. The symptoms include: high fever, chills, severe muscle aches, excessive sweating, back pain, headache (especially behind the eyes), photophobia, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.

For more information:

Relapsing Fever

Relapsing fever is caused by a spirochete carried by at least 15 different Borrelia species and is extremely virulent.  They can be transmitted in minutes rather than hours.  The symptoms include: headache, chills, repeated bouts of high fever, eye inflammation, coughing and possibly jaundice. The symptoms flare for up to a week and then disappear, only to re-appear – hence the name.

For more information: 


Tularemia, also known as “Rabbit Fever” is a potentially serious illness caused by a bacteria found especially in rodents (and spread by ticks). The symptoms include: headaches, painful and swollen lymph nodes, fever, chills, fatigue and diarrhea.Tularemia can also be contracted by handling infected animal carcasses, eating or drinking contaminated food or water and breathing in the bacteria. 

For more information:

Powassan encephalitis

Powassan encephalitis is an arthropod-borne virus (arbovirus) without any known cure. The virus quickly invades and infects the brain causing the following symptoms: high fever, headache, pain behind the eyes, light sensitivity, muscle weakness, seizures, paralysis, brain inflammation and can also cause fatality.

Read here about recent outbreak in Maine and Vermont. 

Tick Paralysis

Tick paralysis is a condition caused by a toxic reaction to saliva from female ticks. The paralysis begins in legs and spreads throughout the body within hours.  Thankfully, the recovery is rapid following the removal of the tick.  

For more information:


Q-Fever is an infectious organism commonly found in cattle, sheep, goats, and other domestic animals, including cats and dogs. The infection results from breathing in the bacteria and/or contact with the vaginal mucus, milk, feces, urine or semen of infected animals. It is considered possibly the most infectious disease in the world, as a human being can be infected by a single bacterium. The symptoms include: sudden onset of fever, severe headache, loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, dry cough, muscle pain, chills and confusion.  It is usually fatal, if untreated.

 For more information  


Chlamydia, usually thought of as a sexually transmitted disease, is caused by a bacteria that has recently been identified in ticks.  The symptoms are frequently absent although damage can be severe (infertility in women). 

For more information: 


Human Herpes Virus #6 is a virus that infects white blood cells (not to be confused with the virus that causes cold sores) specifically T lymphocytes. It is also known to infect and destroy the cells that produce myelin, the fatty coating that surrounds and protects nerve cells. Additionally, the virus demonstrates the ability to cause disruption of the normal functioning of the human immune system. The symptoms include: mononucleosis, autoimmune disorders, and nervous system diseases. 

For more information:

A Full List from


      Anaplasma phagocytophilum- Human Granulocytotropic Anaplasmosis (HGA) (formerly Human Granulocytic Ehrlichiosis (HGE)),
      Ehrlichia equi- Equine Granulocytotropic Ehrlichiosis (EGE) and
      Ehrlichia ewingii-  Canine Granulocytotropic Ehrlichiosis (CGE)

        Anaplasma marginale- Bovine Anaplasmosis

          Anaplasma ovis

            Anaplasma platys- Canine Ehrlichiosis (formerly Ehrlichia platys)


                Babesia bigemia- Texas Fever or Bovine Babesia

                  Babesia bovis- Texas Fever or Bovine Babesia

                    Babesia caballi- Equine Piroplasmosis

                      Babesia canis- Canine Babesia

                        Babesia conradae

                          Babesia divergens

                            Babesia duncani- (formerly Babesia WA1)

                              Babesia felis

                                Babesia gibsoni

                                  Babesia major

                                    Babesia microti

                                      Babesia odocoilei

                                        Babesia ovis

                                          Babesia CA1

                                            Babesia MO1

                                              Bartonella bacilliformis

                                                Bartonella bovis

                                                  Bartonella clarridgeiae

                                                    Bartonella elizabethae

                                                      Bartonella henselae- Cat Scratch Fever

                                                        Bartonella quintana or Rochalimae quintana- Trench Fever and Bacillary Angiomatosis

                                                          Bartonella tamiae

                                                            Bartonella vinsonii berkhoffii

                                                              Bartonella weissii

                                                                Borrelia americana sp.

                                                                  Borrelia anserina

                                                                    Borrelia bissettii

                                                                      Borrelia burgdorferi- Lyme disease

                                                                        Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato W97F51

                                                                          Borrelia californiensis

                                                                            Borrelia carolinensis

                                                                              Borrelia coriaceae- Epizootic Bovine Abortion (EBA)

                                                                                Borrelia crocidurae

                                                                                  Borrelia hermsii- Northern America Relapsing Fever

                                                                                    Borrelia lonestari- Southern Tick Associated Rash Illness (STARI)

                                                                                      Borrelia mazzottii- Southern America Relapsing Fever

                                                                                        Borrelia miyamotoi

                                                                                          Borrelia parkeri- Western Relapsing Fever

                                                                                            Borrelia recurrentis- Louseborne Relapsing Fever

                                                                                              Borrelia talaje

                                                                                                Borrelia turicatae- Southwestern Relapsing Fever

                                                                                                  Borrelia genomospecies 1 and 2


                                                                                                      Canine Brucellosis

                                                                                                        Colorado Tick Fever

                                                                                                          Cytauxzoon felis- Cytauxzoonosis

                                                                                                            Deer Tick Virus (DTV)

                                                                                                              Ehrlichia chaffeensis- Human Monocytotropic Ehrlichiosis (HME)

                                                                                                                Ehrlichia ruminantium- Tickborne Heartwater

                                                                                                                  Equine Monocytic Ehrlichiosis

                                                                                                                    Encephalitis/ meningitis

                                                                                                                      Florida canine borrelia (FCB)

                                                                                                                        Francisella tularensis- Tularemia



                                                                                                                              Heartwater disease


                                                                                                                                  Hepatitis C


                                                                                                                                      Mono Lake virus



                                                                                                                                            Mycoplasma fermentans

                                                                                                                                              Mycoplasma pneumoniae

                                                                                                                                                Mycoplasma penetrans

                                                                                                                                                  Mycoplasma hominis

                                                                                                                                                    Mycoplasma genetalium

                                                                                                                                                      Panola Mountain Ehrlichia

                                                                                                                                                        Powassan Encephalitis

                                                                                                                                                          Rickettsia africae

                                                                                                                                                            Rickettsia amblyommii

                                                                                                                                                              Rickettsia bellii

                                                                                                                                                                Rickettsia Coxiella burnetii- Query Fever (Q Fever)

                                                                                                                                                                  Rickettsia felis (formerly ELB agent)- Flea-borne Spotted Fever

                                                                                                                                                                    Rickettsia massiliae

                                                                                                                                                                      Rickettsia montanensis

                                                                                                                                                                        Rickettsia parkeri

                                                                                                                                                                          Rickettsia rhipicephali

                                                                                                                                                                            Rickettsia rickettsii- Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

                                                                                                                                                                              Rickettsia typhi- Murine Typhus

                                                                                                                                                                                Salmonella entoritches

                                                                                                                                                                                  Sawgrass Virus

                                                                                                                                                                                    Theileria equi (formerly Babesia equi)- Equine Piroplasmosis

                                                                                                                                                                                      Tick-borne Encephalitis (TBE)

                                                                                                                                                                                        Tick Paralysis

                                                                                                                                                                                          West Nile Virus


                                                                                                                                                                                            Jenna's Neuro-Lyme disease website

                                                                                                                                                                                            Jenna in Hawaii


                                                                                                                                                                                             Jenna's Video Blog 


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                                                                                                                                                                                             Lyme Disease
                                                                                                                                                                                             History of LD
                                                                                                                                                                                             Biology of LD
                                                                                                                                                                                             Symptom List
                                                                                                                                                                                             Mysterious shapes
                                                                                                                                                                                             Medical Debate
                                                                                                                                                                                             Social Securilty Disability
                                                                                                                                                                                             Lab 257
                                                                                                                                                                                             Neuropathic Pain
                                                                                                                                                                                             Neurophsychiatric Lyme
                                                                                                                                                                                             Dr. Coyle at SUNY
                                                                                                                                                                                             Dr Lee Cowden
                                                                                                                                                                                             Marshall Protocol
                                                                                                                                                                                             Dr. Klinghardt
                                                                                                                                                                                             Dr. Zhang
                                                                                                                                                                                             MMS Protocol
                                                                                                                                                                                             New Salt Protocol
                                                                                                                                                                                             Buhner Herbal Protocol
                                                                                                                                                                                             Victoria's Protocol
                                                                                                                                                                                             HCL Protocol
                                                                                                                                                                                             Violence and Lyme Disease
                                                                                                                                                                                             Notes From Dr. Fallon
                                                                                                                                                                                             Review of Neuroborrelliosis
                                                                                                                                                                                             Psychological Evaluation of Pediatric, Neurologic Lyme Disease
                                                                                                                                                                                             Lyme Disease is fastest growing disease
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